IDIOSYNCRASIES OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
Caroline Hoon kindly sent me the following idiosyncrasies -
We'll begin with a box, and the plural is boxes; but the plural of ox became oxen not oxes.
One fowl is a goose, but two are called geese, yet the plural of moose should never be meese.
You may find a lone mouse or a nest full of mice; yet the plural of house is houses, not hice.
If the plural of man is always called men, why shouldn't the plural of pan be called pen?
If I spoke of my foot and show you my feet, and I give you a boot, would a pair be called beet?
If one is a tooth and a whole set are teeth, why shouldn't the plural of booth be called beeth?
We speak of a brother and also of brethren, but though we say mother, we never say methren.
Then the masculine pronouns are he, his and him, but imagine the feminine, she, shis and shim.
The following, sent in by Deborah Magallanes, deals with with words that are spelt the same but have very different meanings and, in some instances, sounds -
IDIOSYNCRASIES OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
Originally sent to me by Chris Jones but is the work of Richard Lederer!
"It was brought to my attention today that you have an article on your website called "IDIOSYNCRASIES OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE" that you list the author as Chris Jones.
In fact, the piece was not written by Chris Jones, but is taken directly from the introduction to my book CRAZY ENGLISH (Pocket Books, 1989). Sometime around 1990 or 1991, READERS DIGEST excerpted the essay for their magazine and in the last few years the "digested" article has appeared all over the Internet, mostly unattributed and, very infrequently, with someone else claiming authorship. In each instance (about 800 at this time) I find an appearance of the essay -- and to protect MY copyright -- I alert the site managers of the problem and request a corrected citation. I enjoy having my work distributed widely on the Net, but must insist on proper attribution. Please feel free to continue to use the essay on your site, providing you offer a corrected citation. For the complete essay, go to the archives section of my website http://www.verbivore.com and click on "English is a Crazy Language" (in four parts). I will appreciate hearing from you about this matter as soon as possible. Richard Lederer"
Let's face it -- English is a crazy language.
There is no egg in eggplant nor ham in hamburger; neither apple nor pine in pineapple.
English muffins weren't invented in England or French fries in France.
Sweetmeats are candies while sweetbreads, which aren't sweet, are meat.
We take English for granted but if we explore its paradoxes, we find that -
Quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are square and a guinea pig is neither from Guinea nor is it a pig.
And why is it that writers write but fingers don't fing, grocers don't groce and hammers don't ham?
If the plural of tooth is teeth, why isn't the plural of booth beeth?
One goose, 2 geese. So one moose, 2 meese? One index, 2 indices?
Doesn't it seem crazy that you can make amends but not one amend, that you comb through annals of history but not a single annal?
If you have a bunch of odds and ends and get rid of all but one of them, what do you call it?
If teachers taught, why didn't a preacher praught?
If a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian eat?
If you wrote a letter, perhaps you bote your tongue?
Sometimes I think all the English speakers should be committed to an asylum for the verbally insane.
In what language do people recite at a play and play at a recital?
Ship by truck and send cargo by ship?
Have noses that run and feet that smell?
How can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same, while a wise man and wise guy are opposites?
How can overlook and oversee be opposites, while quite a lot and quite a few are alike?
How can the weather be hot as hell one day and cold as hell another.
Have you noticed that we talk about certain things only when they are absent?
Have you ever seen a horseful carriage or a strapful gown?
Met a sung hero or experienced requited love?
Have you ever run into someone who was, gruntled, ruly or peccable?
And where are all those people who ARE spring chickens or who would ACTUALLY hurt a fly?
You have to marvel at the unique lunacy of a language in which your house can burn up as it burns down, in which you fill in a form by filling it out and in which an alarm clock goes off by going on.
English was invented by people, not computers, and it reflects the creativity of the human race (which, of course, isn't a race at all).
That is why, when the stars are out, they are visible, but when the lights are out, they are invisible. And why, when I wind up my watch, I start it, but when I wind up an essay, I end it.
As a final note -
I plough on thoroughly through the rough although I cough and hiccough.
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